Conversion or transformation of a sentence implies changing grammatical form of a sentence from one to another without changing its meaning. It can be done in a number of ways.
These methods are to interchange different types of sentences i.e. Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative Sentences, Simple Sentence, Compound Sentence and Complex Sentence. Before understanding conversion a brief view about these types of sentences.
A sentence comprises generally of following parts : Subject, Verb and Object. OR Subject and Predicate.
The Simple Sentence
A sentence usually comprises of a subject and a predicate or in other words there is a subject , a verb and an object in a sentence. For example :
- The girl sings a song.
- He is a noble man.
In sentence no. 1 ‘The girl’ is subject and ‘sings a song’ is a predicate. OR
‘The girl’ is subject and ‘sings’ is a verb and ‘a song’ is object.
Similarly is sentence no 2 ‘He’ is a subject and ‘is a noble man’ a predicate.
Such a sentence is called a Simple Sentence.
In other words, a simple sentence has a subject and a predicate.
The Compound Sentence
A compound sentence is sentence made up of two parts joined by a coordinating conjunction. For example :
- The sun rose and the birds started chirping.
- I went to the market and purchased sweets and ate them.
The sentence 1. is formed of two parts –
The sun rose.
The birds started chirping.
Both these parts are joined by conjunction ‘and’.
This is a compound sentence and each part is called a clause. Each part has a sense and its own meaning. Each one can be written independently. It is also called a ‘coordinate clause’.
Similarly sentence 2 is also a compound sentence. It comprises of three coordinating clauses –
I went to the market.
(I) purchased sweets.
(I) ate them.
All these three clauses are joined by conjunctions ‘and’.
These two sentences are called compound sentences.
A compound sentence is formed of two or more coordinate clauses. A compound sentence having two coordinate clauses is called Double Compound sentence whereas a Compound sentence with more than two coordinate clauses is called a Multiple Compound sentence.
The Complex Sentence
A complex sentence consists of two clauses one of which is the Main clause and the other Subordinate clause. Each clause has a Subject and a Predicate. The Principal clause is independent clause whereas Subordinate clause is dependent on the Principal clause and cannot be used as an independent clause. For example :
- It started raining when I reached home.
- When I reached my office, I found that my boss was not there.
In the case of sentence 1, there are two clauses :
- It started raining 2. When I reached home.
First clause is independent part whereas the second clause is dependent on first. The second gives meaning when joined with first. So first is Principal clause and the second is Subordinate clause. Similarly in the sentence 2 there are three clauses –
- I found
- That my boss was not there.
- When I reached my office.
Subordinate clauses are of three types : Adverbial clause, Adjective clause and Noun clause.
Here follow exercises of transformation of sentences for practice.
Exercises for Practice :
Change the following Sentences (without changing their meaning) as directed.
(Change one form of sentence to another form i.e. from Simple sentence to a compound sentence)
Rewrite the following Simple Sentences as Compound Sentences:
- The old man being weak could not walk properly.
- His father in spite of being poor is a contended man.
- She must work hard to be successful in the examination.
- Our teacher is popular among students for his diligence.
- But for his faults he would have progressed immensely.
- Visualizing a danger ahead, the traveler became cautious.
- The student must accept his fault to escape his punishment.
- The culprit ran away to escape his arrest.
- Taking off their clothes the children jumped into the river.
- In the event of being late you will not be allowed entry.
- The old man was weak therefore he could not walk properly.
- His father is poor but he is a contended man.
- She must work hard otherwise she will not be successful in the examination.
- Our teacher is diligent therefore he is popular among students.
- He has faults otherwise he would have progressed immensely.
- The traveler visualized a danger ahead and he became cautious.
- The student must accept his fault otherwise he will be punished.
- The culprit ran away otherwise he would have been arrested.
- The children took off their clothes and they jumped into the river.
- You must not be late or you will not be allowed entry.
Rewrite the following Simple Sentences as Complex Sentences:
- Nobody could find out the place of their stay.
- The purpose of his visit to this place is not known.
- All the laborers set out for their homes at sunset.
- On seeing the policeman, the thief fled away.
- You cannot succeed without working hard.
- Pious women are always respected by all.
- I do not know the way leading to his house.
- The guests sitting in the room could not hear his voice.
- She hoped to be successful in the examination.
- A man fair in his dealings is always trusted.
- Nobody could find out the place where they stayed.
- It is not known what is the purpose of his visit to this place.
- All the laborers set out for their homes when the sun set.
- The thief fled away when he saw the police man.
- Unless you work hard you cannot succeed.
- All always respect the women who are pious.
- I do not know the way which leads to his house.
- The guests sitting in the room could not hear what he spoke.
- She hoped that she would be successful in the examination.
- A man who is fair in his dealings is always trusted.
Rewrite the following Complex Sentences as Compound Sentences:
- I am confident that he is innocent in this matter.
- Unless he works hard, he cannot pass the examination.
- However hard work she may do she cannot pass the examination.
- She is sure that he has stolen her purse.
- As the shopkeeper quarrels with every customer, nobody likes him.
- If he does not improve his behavior, he will lose all his friends.
- Unless the culprit accepts his fault, he will not be spared.
- She did not attend the office because she felt unwell today.
- She has lost the book that she had purchased.
- If you do not attend the class you will not be allowed to sit in the examination.
- He is innocent in this matter and I am confident about it.
- He must work hard otherwise he cannot pass the examination.
- She may do as hard work as she can but she cannot pass the examination.
- He has stolen her purse and she is sure about it.
- The shopkeeper quarrels with every customer therefore nobody likes him.
- He must improve his behavior otherwise he will lose all his friends.
- The culprit must accept his fault otherwise he will not be spared.
- She felt unwell today so she did not attend the office.
- She had purchased a book and she has lost it.
- You must attend the class otherwise you will not be allowed to sit in the examination.
Rewrite the following Compound Sentences as Complex Sentences:
- Let me reach my office and then I shall talk to him.
- .Spare the rod and spoil the child.
- The thief saw the police man, so he ran away.
- She is feeling unwell so she cannot attend her office today.
- The child felt hungry, so he started weeping.
- The news is very good but it is not true.
- Eat less and you will remain healthy.
- The old man is very rich but he is a miser.
- Children put on new clothes and went to see the fair.
- Keep quiet or you will repent.
- I shall talk to him when I reach my office.
- The child is spoilt when the rod is spared.
- The thief ran away when he saw the police man.
- She cannot attend her office today as she is feeling unwell.
- The child started weeping because he felt hungry.
- The news is too good to be true.
- You will remain healthy if you eat less.
- The old man is a miser though he is very rich.
- Children went to see the fair after putting on new clothes.
- You will repent if you do not keep quite.