PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

It is used to show that a work is actually being done. In this formation of sentence time limit of action being done is not limited in specific terms. One is not sure about when action is being done and for how long action will be undertaken.

For example : He writes a letter.

This sentence shows that the subject undertakes a work in the present time i.e. He the subject writes a letter in the present time. But there is no definite time limit for how long action is done. So this is called Present and not definite i.e. Indefinite Tense.

In this tense we use first form of verb.

 

 

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

For First Person singular & plural, Second person singular & plural and third person plural subjects – first form of verb is used.
For example:

  • I like sweets.
  • We drink fresh juice.
  • You go to the market.
  • Boys make a noise.

In all the sentences mentioned above first form of verb is used.

For third person singular subject – s or es is used with first form of verb.
For example with He Or She or a noun i.e. any name (singular), s or es is used with first form of verb according to type and nature of verb.

Just look at the following sentences:

  • John plays football.
  • She sings a song.
  • Mother loves her child.
  • He goes to the school daily.

 

NEGATIVE SENTENCES

In negative sentences for First Person singular & plural, Second person singular & plural and third person plural subjects – Do not with first form of verb is used.
For example:

  • I do not like sweets.
  • We do not drink milk.
  • You do not go to the office.
  • Boys do not make a noise.

For third person singular subject – s or es with verb Ist form of verb is deleted and does not is used with first form of verb.

For example with He or She or a noun i.e. any name (singular), does not is used with first form of verb according to type and nature of verb.

For example :

  • Mary does not play hockey.
  • He does not recite a poem.
  • She does not dance.
  • This child does not cry.

INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

In Interrogative sentences for First Person singular & plural, Second person singular & plural and third person plural subjects – Do is used before subject and first form of verb is used.
Interrogative sign is used at the end of the sentence.
For third person singular Does is used before subject and not is used before verb first form.

For example:

  • Do you like sweets?
  • Do we drink milk?
  • Does he go to the office?
  • Do boys make a noise?

In the interrogative negative sentences not is used before verb.

For example:

  • Do you not read a book?
  • Do we not help you?
  • Does she not sing a song?
  • Do children not play?

 

Please take this test, to test your knowledge : Basic Present Indefinite Tense MCQ-1

 

English Grammar Lesson – Online Exam Preparation, Free Test Series, Mocks for BANK Exams, MAT, CAT, GMAT, GRE, SAT, XAT, SNAP,NMAT, IIFT, XAT, MHCET

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