NARRATION – Change of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech – Combined Sentences
There are two types of speeches – Direct form of speech & Indirect form of speech. A statement given by the speaker himself is direct form of speech whereas the same statement conveyed by another person to someone is Indirect form of speech.
Direct speech consists of two parts:-
1. Reporting speech
2. Reported speech
These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“ ”). The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter.
In Indirect Speech
– inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc.
-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.
– The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.
– The tense of reporting speech is not changed.
-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.
– The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.
–First Person in the reported speech changes according to Subject & Second person according to object in the reporting speech. For third person there is no change.
Generally In a statement or conversation sentences of different types are combined together .While changing these sentences from one form to another respective methods of these sentences are used. Here are some examples of such sentences.
Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech
1. “Why didn’t you obey my orders?” said the officer to the peon.”Leave my service at once and do not come here again.”
The Officer asked the peon why he had not obeyed his orders. He ordered him to leave his service at once and forbade him to come there again.
2. She said to her friend,” How pleasant weather it is! I feel like going out for a walk. Let us go out for a long drive. Please take your sister too along with. We all shall enjoy ourselves there very much.”
She exclaimed that it was a very pleasant weather and told her friend that she felt like going out for a walk. She proposed to her friend that they should go out for a long drive.She further requested her friend to take her sister too along with and told that they all would enjoy themselves there very much.
3. The host said to the guest,” Please come in and have a seat. What brings you here? What can I do for you? Will you like to have a cup of coffee? “
The host requested the guest to come in and have a seat. He asked him what brought him there and what he could do for him. He further asked him if he would like to have a cup of coffee.
4. The girl said to her father,” Why are you in such a pensive mood today? Please let me know its reason. It will be my pleasure if I can do anything for you. Have you not gone to your office today?
The father said to her daughter,” No,I am fine. I have not gone to my office because I want to see you. Are you free today?”
The girl asked her father why he was in such a pensive mood that day. She requested him to let her know its reason and told him that it would be her pleasure if she could do anything for him. She asked him if he had not gone to his office that day.
The father replied in negative and told her that he was fine and he had not gone to his office because he wanted to see her. He asked her if she was free that day.
5. The officer said to the employee,”Why are you late today? Do you not know that I do not allow any body to come in the office late? What is the reason of your late arrival? I allow you to attend the office today as an exceptional case. Do not repeat this instance in future.”
The employee said,”I am late today because my son fell ill suddenly and I had to take him to the doctor. I am sorry for this and I assure you that I shall not repeat it in future.”
The officer asked the employee why he was late that day and if he did not know that he did not allow any body to come in the office late. He asked him what the reason of his late arrival was. He informed him that he allowed him to attend the office that day as an exceptional case and advised him not to repeat that instance in future. The employee replied that he was late that day because his son had fallen ill suddenly and he had to take him to the doctor and he was sorry for that and he assured him that he would not repeat that in future.
Change the Narration of the following sentences.
1. The old man said to a child in the street,” Why are you roaming here?Who accompanies you? Have you come here to make some purchases? You look perplexed. What is the matter ? Can I do anything for you?”
The child said to the old man, ” Sir, I came here to see my brother but I lost my way. Can you help me? Will you guide me in locating way to my house?
The old man said to the child,” I shall be glad to help you. Where is your house located ? Will you like me to escort you to your house? Do not be afraid. Trust on me. Come along with me as I know where your house is. I shall lead you to your house safely.
On reaching his house the child said, ” Hurrah ! Finally I am at my house.” He said to the old man.” Thank you for your kind help! May God bless you with good health and long life!”
The old man said,” Good bye !Child.” and went away.
The old man asked a child in the street why he was roaming there and who accompanied him. He further asked him if he had come there to make some purchases. He told him that he looked perplexed and asked him what the matter was and if he could do any thing for him.
The child replied to the old man respectfully that he had come there to see his brother but he had lost his way. He asked him if he could help him and if he would guide him in locating way to his house.
The old man told the child that he would be glad to help him. He asked him where his house was located and if he would like him to escort him to his house. He advised him not to be afraid and to trust on him.He told him to come along with him as he knew where his house was and he would lead him to his house safely.
On reaching his house the child cried with joy and told that finally he was at his house. He thanked the old man for his kind help and prayed that God might bless him with good health and long life.The old man bade the child good bye and went away.
2. All the students stood up when their teacher entered the classroom and said,” Good morning , Sir !”
The teacher said,” Sit down. Have you done your home work today? Is there any student in the class who has not done homework?”
All the students spoke in one voice, ” Thank you, sir! “
The teacher said to the students, ” Do you know that your examinations will be starting next week ? You will have to work hard if you want to get through with good marks. Cheer up! Do not waste your time and start doing your revision work immediately. May God reward your hard work with a great success!”
All the students stood up when their teacher entered the classroom and respectfully bade him good morning. The teacher ordered them to sit down. He asked them if they had done their home work that day and if there was any student in the class who had not done homework.
All the students respectfully thanked him in one voice.
The teacher asked the students if they knew that their examinations would be starting next week and told them that they would have to work hard if they wanted to get through with good marks. He cheered them up and further advised them not to waste their time and start doing their revision work immediately. He prayed that God might reward their hard work with a great success.
3. The preacher said to his followers, ” Have faith in God and do the right. May God shower his blessings on you ! Do you know that I can manage the pampered and spoilt children well ? “
One of his followers stood up and said to him,” There are two such boys in the village and their parents are fed up with them. Will you like to try them? “
He said to him, ” Yes, ask their parents to send both of them to me separately in the morning.”
Next morning the eldest boy came to the preacher. He said to the boy, ” Sit down before me and reply my questions.”
The preacher said to the boy .” Do you know where the God is ? Do you know the way we can find Him? “
The boy shouted loudly and said to him , ” Come after me, please, if you want to know, ” and ran away from there.
On reaching his house he went straight to his brother and both of them shut the door. The eldest boy said to the other,” Do you know that the old man has lost his God and he suspects that I stole Him ? “
The younger said to him, ” Don’t worry . Let us find out and if we get Him we’ll never let him know about it.”
The preacher advised his followers to have faith in God and do the right. He prayed that God might shower his blessings on them. He asked them if they knew that he could manage the pampered and spoilt children well.
One of his followers stood up and told him that there were two such boys in the village and their parents were fed up with them. He asked him if he would you like to try them.
He replied in affirmative and told him to ask their parents to send both of them to him separately in the morning.
Next morning the eldest boy came to the preacher. He ordered the boy to sit down before him and reply his questions.
The preacher asked the boy if he knew where the God was and if he knew the way they could find Him.
The boy shouted loudly and requested him to come after him if he wanted to know and ran away from there.
On reaching his house he went straight to his brother and both of them shut the door. The eldest boy asked the other if he knew that the old man had lost his God and he suspected that he had stolen Him.
The younger told him not to worry . He proposed to him that they should find out and if they got Him they would never let him know about that.
4. The interviewer said to the candidate, ” I offer you two options for giving your reply. You can choose either three easy questions or one very difficult question. Will you like to avail the offer ? If yes, which option do you want to use ? “
The candidate thought for a while and said,” Sir, I shall use the second option and would like to reply one difficult question.”
The interviewer said to the candidate, “Do you know that if you opt for a particular choice you will not be allowed to change it ? Please note that if your reply is incorrect, you may lose the opportunity. Should I go ahead and put forth the question to you ? “
The candidate said to him, ” Yes, you can ask me one difficult question.”
The interviewer said,” Which of the two day or night was first to appear on earth ?”
Promptly said the candidate, ” It was day, Sir. “
The interviewer said to the candidate,” How do you know that ? “
The candidate said to him,” Sir, you said that there would be one question only. So I am not supposed to answer your second question. “
The interviewer offered the candidate two options for giving his reply and told him that he could choose either three easy questions or one very difficult question. He asked him if he would like to avail the offer and If yes which option he wanted to use.
The candidate thought for a while and respectfully told that he would use the second option and would like to reply one difficult question.
The interviewer asked the candidate if he knew that if he opted for a particular choice he would not be allowed to change it. He requested him to note that if his reply was incorrect, he might lose the opportunity. He asked him if he should go ahead and put forth the question to him.
The candidate replied in affirmative and told him that he could ask him one difficult question.
The interviewer asked him which of the two day or night had been first to appear on earth.
The candidate replied promptly and respectfully that it had been day.
The interviewer asked the candidate how he knew that.
The candidate respectfully told him that he had said that there would be one question only. So he was not supposed to answer his second question.
5. The hermit said to his disciple, ” What is the purpose of life of a person in this world? Is it that a person is born in a family in a city and in a particular country and he is to spend his or her life as per orders of those people living there?
The disciple said, ” My Lord! I am ignorant. I have no knowledge about these facts of life. Kindly guide me and help me to emancipate from problems of the world.”
The hermit said to the disciple,” For this you will have to meditate hard and lead a pious life. Only then you can achieve the right path of your emancipation.”
The disciple nodded his head in affirmative and said,” For this I seek your blessings and guidance.Please favour me with the same and oblige.”
The hermit asked his disciple what the purpose of life of a person in this world was and if it was that a person was born in a family in a city and in a particular country and he was to spend his or her life as per orders of those people living there.
The disciple addressed the hermit as his lord and told that he was ignorant and he had no knowledge about those facts of life.He further requested him to guide him and help him to emancipate from problems of the world.
The hermit told the disciple that for that he would have to meditate hard and lead a pious life and only then he could achieve the right path of his emancipation.
The disciple nodded his head in affirmative and told that for that he sought his blessings and guidance. He further requested him to favour him with the same and oblige.