NARRATION – (Chapter 8) Change from Direct into Indirect form of speech (Assorted Sentences) – Revision Exercises for Practice

NARRATION

 

Change  of Different types of sentences from Direct speech into Indirect speech   —–> Assertive Sentences — A Review                             

There are two different ways of expressing things.

First a  statement given by the speaker himself and the second the same statement conveyed by another person to someone. The former is direct form of speech whereas the latter is indirect form of speech.While making  changes from the former to the latter and vice versa there are certain rules to be observed.

Direct speech consists of two parts:-

1. Reporting speech

2. Reported speech

These two parts are separated from each other by a comma (,) and inverted commas (“  ”). The part outside the inverted commas forms reporting speech (i.e. who is reporting and to whom) and that enclosed within the inverted commas is reported speech (i.e. the matter that is being reported).

The first word of the reported speech begins with a capital letter.

 

In Indirect Speech

– inverted commas are not used, but generally reporting speech and reported speech are joined together by the conjunction like ‘that’, ‘if’ or ‘whether’ etc.

-the comma between reporting speech and reported speech is removed.

– The signs of question mark and exclamation are not used. Instead full stop sign is used.

– The tense of reporting speech is not changed.

-The forms of interrogative, imperative, exclamatory and optative sentences are changed to assertive sentence.

– The tense of reported speech is changed according to the tense of reporting speech.

–First Person in the reported speech changes according to Subject & Second person according to object  in the reporting speech. For third person there is no change.

 

 

REVIEW EXERCISE  FOR PRACTICE


Narration-1

(Assertive Sentences)

Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech.

  1. Boys said, “It has been raining since morning. We cannot play today.”

          Boys said that it had been raining since morning and they could not play that day .”

  1. She said to him, “I take your  leave now.  I shall return after two hours.”

           She told him that she took his leave then and she would return after two hours.

  1. The little girl said to me,” My father went to the market. He brought a new dress for me.”

           The little girl told me that her father had gone to the market and he had brought a new dress  for her.

  1. Her husband said to her,  “  I am not feeling well. I shall not go to the office today .

           Her husband told her that  he was not feeling well and .he would not go to the office that  day

  1. My father said to me, “I fear that you have caught cold again. you should take some medicine. ”

My father told me that  he feared that  I had caught cold again and I should take some medicine.

  1. His brother said to me, “I am  going to attend the meeting. So I shall return home late today. ”

His brother told me that he was  going to attend the meeting and so he would return home late that day.

  1. She said to him, ”Love begets love.”

She told him that love begets love.

  1. The inspector said to the people, “We have caught the thief. He will be brought to book soon.”

The inspector told the people that they had caught the thief and he would be brought to book soon.

  1. The teacher said,  “Boys, I shall not teach you. I shall  give you a test in English today.”

The teacher told the boys that he would not teach them and he would give them a test in English that day.

  1. My friend said to me, “I am going to my house now. I shall call on you tomorrow.”

My friend told me that he was going to his house then and he would call on me the next day.

 

Change the Narration of the following sentences.

  1. He told her that he had an urgent piece of work at his office and he could not stay out of office for long.
  2. My mother told me that she had prepared dinner for me and she wanted that I should take it without delay.
  3. He told the teacher that he had not attended the class the previous day and he had not done his homework.
  4. The child told his mother that he had not understood what she had said and he wanted her to explain that again.
  5. His  brother told him that he was very late and he had been  waiting for him for a long time.

 

(Answers)

 

  1. He said to her,” I  have an urgent piece of work at my office. I can not stay out of office for long.”
  2. My mother said to me,” I  have prepared dinner for you. I  want that you should take it without delay.”
  3. He said to the teacher,” I did not attend the class yesterday. I  have not done my homework.”
  4. The child said to his mother,” I  did not understand what you said. I  want you to explain that again.”
  5. His  brother said to him,” I am very late. I have been  waiting for you for a long time.”

 

 

 

Narration-2

 

(Interrogative Sentences)

Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech

  1. The old man said to the child, “Why did you break this window pane?”

The old man asked the child why he had broken that window pane.

  1. The teacher said , “Boys, what are you doing here? Why do you not go to your class rooms?”

The teacher  asked the boys what they were doing there and why they did not go to their class rooms.

  1. Her brother said to her, “What present should I bring for you when I return from Bombay?”

Her brother asked her what present he should bring for her when he returned from Bombay.

  1. The rich man said to the beggar, “Why do you not do any work? Do you not feel ashamed of begging?”

The rich man asked the beggar why he did not do any work and if he did not feel ashamed of begging.

  1. Boys said to the teacher, “When do you intend to start the class  today?”

Boys asked  the teacher when he intended to start the class that day.

  1. The traveler asked the cab man, “How long will you take to reach the destination? Can’t you drive the cab a little faster?”

The traveler asked the cabman how long he would take to reach the destination and if he could not drive the cab a           little faster.

  1. The customer said to the  shopkeeper, “What is the price of this article? Can you  give me two of these articles?”

The customer asked the shopkeeper what the price of that article was and if he could give him two of those articles.

  1. The old lady  said, “Can you tell me where does this road lead to? Will you guide my way to the railway station, young man?”

The old lady asked the young man if he could tell her where that road led to and if he would guide her way to the                railway station.

  1. The priest said, “Where does this young lady come from? Can you tell me this,  gentleman?

The priest asked the gentleman where that young lady came from and if he could tell him that.

  1. Shylock  said “ How can you call me a cheat ? Will you not pay me my money according to the deed,Portia ?”

Shylock asked Portia how she could call him a cheat and if she would not pay him his money according to the deed.

 

 

Narration-3

 

Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech

1.  His wife said to him, “ Will you accompany me to the market ?”

His wife asked him if he would accompany her to the  market.

  1. Her friend said to her, “Can you spare your book for me for a week?”

Her friend asked her if she could spare her book for her for a week.

  1. She said to him, “Can I do anything for you? Will you mind my extending help to you?”

She asked him if she could do anything for him and if he would mind her extending help to him.

  1. His mother said to him, “Will you come home in the evening in time?”

His mother asked him if he would come home in the evening in time.

5. His friend said to him, “Did I not warn you against this before hand?”

His friend asked him if he had not warned him against that before hand.

  1.  John said to his sister, “Is it not a surprise to see your friend here today?”

John asked his  sister if it was not a surprise to see her friend there that day.

  1. The doctor said to  his patient, “Are you taking medicine prescribed to you regularly?”

The doctor asked his patient if he was taking medicine prescribed to him regularly.

  1. She said to me,” Do you know how to swim?”

She asked me if I knew how to swim.

9. The captain said to the players, “Will you put your heart and soul in playing the game so that we may win the                     match?”

The captain asked the players if they would put their heart and soul in playing the game so that they might win the             match.

  1. The stranger said to the lady,” Have you ever been to Delhi?”

The stranger asked the lady if she had ever been to Delhi.

 

 

Narration-4

 

( Exclamatory Sentences)

Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech

  1. The woman said, “What a beautiful weather it is!

The woman exclaimed that it was a  very beautiful weather.

  1. His aunt said, “What a pleasant surprise to see you here!”

His aunt exclaimed that it was a pleasant surprise to see him there.

  1. Hamlet said, “How unlucky I am that I cannot find out any solution!”

Hamlet exclaimed that he was very unlucky that he could not find out any solution.

  1. The captain said, “Bravo ! well done,boys!”

The captain applauded the boys saying that they had done well.

  1. The leader said, “Alas! We have lost the game.”

The leader exclaimed with sorrow that they had lost the game.

  1. Boys said,” Hurrah! We have won the match!”

Boys exclaimed with joy that they had won the match.

7. Father said,”What a lazy fellow she is!”

Father exclaimed that she was a very lazy fellow.

8. The girl said, ”What a stupid fellow I am!”

The girl exclaimed that she was  a stupid fellow

9. The captain said, “Good morning,Friends!”

The captain bade his friends good morning.

10. The leader said,”Farewell, my countrymen!”

The leader bade his countrymen farewell.

 

 

Narration-5

(Imperative Sentences)

Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech

 

  1. The land lord said to his servant,”Go away and leave the room at once.”

The land lord ordered his servant to go away and leave the room at once.

  1. She said to her maid servant,” Fetch me a glass of water.”

She ordered her maid servant to fetch her a glass of water.

  1. The priest said to the boys,”Do not while away your time.”

The priest advised the boys not to while away their time.

  1.  Mother said to her son.”Work hard lest you should fail.”

Mother advised her son to work hard lest he should fail.

  1. The doctor said to the patient,”Do not smoke.”

The doctor advised the patient not to smoke.

  1. The clerk said to the visitor,”Do not disturb me.Mind your own business.”

The clerk forbade the visitor to disturb him and advised him to mind his own business.

  1. The officer said to the peon.”Let the visitor come  in.”

The officer told the peon to let the visitor come in.        OR

The officer told the peon that the visitor might be allowed to come  in.

  1. The father said to his son,”Let us go out for a walk.”

The father suggested to his son that they should go out for a walk.

  1.  The girl said to her friend,” Please show me your purse. “

The girl requested her friend to show her her purse.

  1. The man said to me,” Let us wait for our turn.”

The man proposed to me that we should wait for our turn.

 

 


 

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