Modals – Meaning & Types – Exercises for Practice for use of modals

Modal means relating to some “mode, or form “. A modal verb is a helper that gives additional information about the verb that follows it, and includes such words as “can,” “will,” “should,” and “may,” among others.

Modals are : Will, Shall, Should, Would, May, Might, Must, Can, Need, Ought to, Used to etc.

 


 

 

Main features of Modals are:

These are used in the sentence to express a request, permission. willingness, possibility, ability or power to act.

These verbs are used along with the main verb. These are not used alone.Along with a modal first form of verb is used.

A Modal remains unchanged irrespective of number or gender of the subject.

The word ‘to’ is used along with ‘ought’ and ‘used’.

Examples:

We should help him.

He may not come today.

In these sentences ‘should’ and ‘may’ are helping verbs.

 




Here are exercises for practice for use of modals :

Exercise No. 1

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with modals – Will / Shall , Would/ Should or Can/Could.

  1. She told me that she was unwell so she………..not go to office.
  2. The visitors ………..not carry eatables with them in the hotel.
  3. As he is in dire need of money, we……………help him immediately.
  4. ……………..you please lend me your book for a week?
  5. His son is not so brilliant in his studies but he………….pass the examination.
  6. I ………be thankful to you if you help me at this time of need.
  7. Drive fast lest you……………miss the flight.
  8. ……………you like to accompany us to the market tomorrow?
  9. The lady has grown so old that she ……..not walk without a stick.
  10. Had he worked hard, he ………..have passed the examination.
Answers for Exercise 1

 

 

Exercise No. 2

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with modals – Will / Shall , Would/ Should or Can/Could, May/Might, used to, Must/ought to etc.

  1. She endeavoured her best to surpass the target but she……………..not.
  2. You……………….to have fulfilled your promise under all the circumstances.
  3. I assure you that I shall help you in this matter  if I …………..
  4. He ………..have succeeded in his business if he had conducted it sincerely.
  5. The teacher advised him to work hard lest he ………fail in the examination.
  6. They feared that the thieves……….. have fled out of the city.
  7. His mentor helped him in his research work so that he………….complete it in time.
  8. Children……………respect their elders and get their blessings.
  9. The clever king…………..to wander in the city in the garb of a beggar at night.
  10. Had the manager told the whole truth to the boss, he……….. not have punished him.
Answers for Exercise 2

 

Exercise No. 3.

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with a correct one out of given options having appropriate use of a modal in it (Modals– Will / Shall , Would/ Should or Can/Could, May/Might, used to, Must/ought to etc.)

 

  1. If he had paid his attention towards his business…………….

a. he should not be ruined like this.

b. he were not be ruined like this.

c. he would not have ruined like this.

d. he could not have ruined like this.

 

2, We people eat so that………………….

a. we can live.

b. we may live.

c. we should live.

d. we shall live.

 

3. If the patient had not been provided with  medical  aid in time………………..

a. he would not have survived.

b. he could not have survived.

c. he may not have survived.

d. he will not have survived.

 

4. During my stay in this city last year………………………

a. I had visited my native village every month.

b. I used to visit my native village every month.

c. I might visit my native village every month.

d. I would visit my native village every month.

 

5. The parents toiled hard during their whole life so that their…………….

a. children might prosper in their life.

b. children can prosper in their life.

c. children will prosper in their life.

d. children would prosper in their life.

 

6. You should take care of your health lest…………..

a. you may fall ill

b. you may fall ill

c. you could fall ill.

d. you should fall ill.

 

7. Those employees who have finished their work…………

a. will leave the office now.

b. may leave the office now.

c. could leave the office now.

d. might leave the office now.

 

8. if I were rich…………..

a. I shall help the poor.

b. I could help the poor.

c. I would help the poor.

d. I may help the poor.

 

9. His brother told me that he………………

a. would be joining a new job next month.

b. he will be joining a new job next month.

c. he shall be joining a new job next month.

d. he must be joining a new job next month.

 

10. You are advised not to eat raw fruit……………..

a. which will spoil your health.

b. which could spoil your health.

c. which can spoil your health.

d. which should spoil your health.

Answers for Exercise 3

 

Exercise No. 4.

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with a correct one out of given options having appropriate use of a modal in it (Modals– Will / Shall , Would/ Should or Can/Could, May/Might, used to, Must/ought to etc.)

 

  1. The speaker said to the audience present there,”………………..

a. “would you please pay your attention to me?”

b. “will you please pay your attention to me?”

c.” shall you please pay your attention to me?”

d.” may you please pay your attention to me?”

 

2. I am sure that …………………………………….as you sing very well.

a. your voice would be very melodious.

b. your voice will be very melodious.

c. your voice must be very melodious.

d. your voice should be very melodious.

 

3. ………………………………… to prevent any accident on the road.

a. We must observe rules  of the road while driving

b. We can observe rules  of the road while driving

c. We ought observe rules  of the road while driving

d. We shall observe rules  of the road while driving

 

4. Though he tried hard and studied with full concentration  ………………………………….

a. yet he would not succeed in his examination.

b. yet he could not succeed in his examination.

c. yet he might not succeed in his examination.

d. yet he may not succeed in his examination.

 

5. The world is a very nice place but……………………..

a. we must know how to live on this earth.

b. we may know how to live on this earth.

c. we can know how to live on this earth.

d. we would know how to live on this earth.

 

Answers for Exercise 4

 

Exercise No. 5.

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with  appropriate  modals.

(Modals– Will / Shall , Would/ Should or Can/Could, May/Might)

 

Milk is a nutritious food enriched with vitamins and proteins. We 1.……………..take milk regularly so that we 2.………not develop deficiencies of undernourishment in our body. The aged persons, children and patients 3. ………………take milk in sufficient quantity as it provides strength to their body. We 4.……………. supplement it with other elements of food like fruit, vegetables and pulses for proper growth of the body. But we 5.……………consume milk of good quality only otherwise it 6……………cause harm to the body. We 7.…………..be very careful while selecting items of our food because there are chances that these 8.………………. be adulterated.

 

Answers for Exercise 5

 

Exercise No. 6.

Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with  appropriate  modals.

(Modals– Will / Shall , Would/ Should or Can/Could, May/Might)

 

Man 1…………………live without food and water for some time, but he 2.……………..not live without air. We 3………………..inhale pure, oxygen-rich air. Breathing foul or polluted air 4.……………….cause chest-related problems. Exposure to cold air 5.……………..be avoided. When a person catches cold, he 6………………take simple, light and easily digestible food. He 7 …………………. avoid going out in cold under all circumstances. He 8.…………… to keep his body warm by putting on woollen  clothes.

Answers for Exercise 6
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