Conversion or Transformation of Sentences – Parts of speech – Exercises for Practice

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Conversion or transformation of a sentence implies changing  grammatical form of a sentence from one to another without changing its meaning. It can be done  in one of the following ways :

A. By substituting one part of speech by another
 
Sentences comprise of  words of different parts of speech i.e. Noun, Verb, Adjective or Adverb etc. Sentences can be rewritten by changing one of these forms to another form.

(a). By substituting a noun form of a word

       (By changing a Verb, Adjective or Adverb to Noun )

(b). By substituting a Verb form of a word

      (By changing a Noun, Adjective or Adverb to Verb )

 

(c). By substituting an Adjective  form of a word

      (By changing a Noun, Verb or Adverb to Adjective )

 

(d). By substituting an Adverb  form of a word

       (By changing a Noun, Verb or Adjective to Adverb )

B.
  1. By Conversion of the adverb Too.


 

EXERCISES  FOR PRACTICE

Exercise 1Exercise 2Exercise 3Exercise 4Exercise 5
 
EXERCISE 1 :
Change the following sentences as directed without changing  their sense:
 

  1. The audience listened to the leader with patience.                             (Use Adverb of ‘patience’)
  2. The child resembles his mother.                                                           (Use Noun of ‘resembles’)
  3. At last he was successful in his venture.                                               (Use Verb of ‘successful’)
  4. She moved towards the stage slowly.                                                  (Use Adjective of ‘slowly’)
  5. It is impossible for him to revert at this stage.                                   (Use noun of ‘revert’)
  6. The project is progressing satisfactorily.                                      (Use Adjective of ‘satisfactorily’)
  7. She hopes that she will  meet him soon.                                            (Use hopeful for ‘hopes’)
  8. It is not allowed to slay animals in the city.                                       (Use Noun of ‘Slay’)
  9. His parents are lucky to have a son who obeys them.                     (Use adjective of ‘obey’)
  10. He has made corrections in all of these sentences.                         (Use verb of ‘corrections’)

 

Answers for Exercise 1
ANSWERS

  1. The audience listened to the leader patiently.
  2. The child  has resemblance with his mother. 
  3. At last he succeeded in his venture. 
  4. She moved towards the stage with  slow pace. 
  5. Reversion at this stage is impossible  for him. 
  6. The progress of the project is  satisfactory.   
  7. She is  hopeful that she will  meet him soon. 
  8. Slaughter of animals is not allowed in the city. 
  9. His parents are lucky to have an obedient  son.   
  10. He has  corrected all of these sentences.

 

 
EXERCISE 2 :
Remove “too” and rewrite the following sentences in simple form  without changing their meaning:
 

  1. It is never too late to mend.
  2. The child is too young to understand this.
  3. The room was too small to accommodate all of us.
  4. She was too tired to continue her journey.
  5. The old man is too weak to carry this load.
  6. He is too wise to be deceived.
  7. The loaf is too hot for me to eat.
  8. The old woman is too jealous.
  9. The trader is too greedy.
  10. The tree is too high for the child to climb.

 

Answers for Exercise 2
 

  1. It is never so late that one cannot mend.
  2. The child is so young that he cannot understand this.
  3. The room was so small that it could not accommodate all of us.
  4.  She was so tired that she could not continue her journey.
  5. The old man is so weak that he cannot carry this load.
  6. He is so wise that he cannot  be deceived.
  7. The loaf is so hot that I cannot eat.
  8. The old woman is over jealous.
  9. The trader is very greedy.
  10. The tree is so high that the child cannot climb.

 

 
 
EXERCISE 3 :
Change the following sentences as directed without changing  their sense:
 

  1. He was astonished that she refused his proposal.                                      
    (Use noun of ‘refuse’)
  2. He made an agreement with her to complete the job.                               
    (Use verb of ‘agreement’)
  3. They were amused to accept our proposal.                                                
    (Use noun of ‘amused’)
  4. A violent mob  appeared  at  the scene all of a sudden.                            
    (Use adverb of ‘sudden’)
  5. The boy succeeded in the examination by dint of hard work.                    
    (Use adverb of ‘succeeded’)
  6. The cost of these ornaments is very high.                                                    
    (Use verb of ‘cost’)
  7. The end of this story is very humorous.                                                      
    (Use noun of ‘humorous’)
  8. The host greeted all the guests with affection.                                            
    (Use adverb of ‘affection’)
  9. The statement issued by the chairman cleared all the doubts.                 
    (Use adverb of ‘cleared’)
  10. Splinters of  bomb inflicted injuries on her body.                                       
    (Use verb of ‘injuries’)

 

Answers for Exercise 3
  1. He was astonished at  her refusal of his proposal.  
  2. He agreed with her to complete the job. 
  3. Acceptance of  our proposal filled them with amusement.               
  4. A violent mob appeared  suddenly at  the scene. 
  5. The boy was successful in the examination by dint of hard work.
  6. These ornaments cost very high.            
  7. The end of this story is full of  humour.              
  8. The host greeted all the guests affectionately.  
  9. The statement issued by the chairman made all the doubts clear. 
  10. Splinters of  bomb injured her body. 

 

 
 
EXERCISE 4 :
Change the following sentences as directed without changing  their sense:
 

  1.  I hold a different  opinion than yours.  
    ( Use verb of ‘different’)
  2. Too many cooks spoil the broth.      
    (Remove too)
  3. You should take your examination confidently.  
    (Use noun of ‘confidently’)
  4. The  doctor treated the patient with care.    
    (Use adverb of ‘care’)
  5. Children did not take their bath daily in winter.
    (Use verb of ‘bath’)
  6. Shakespeare is admitted to be a great poet and dramatist.
    (Use adverb of ‘admitted’)
  7. It is never too late to mend.
    (Remove ‘too’)
  8. His activities have disgraced the name of his family.
    (Use noun of ‘disgraced’)
  9. His brother is very popular among his friends.
    (Use adjective of ‘popular’)
  10. The culprit has confessed his guilt.
    (Use noun of ‘confessed’)

 

Answers for Exercise 4
  1.  I differ with you.
  2. More than required cooks spoil the broth.      
  3. You should take your examination with confidence.
  4. The  doctor treated the patient carefully. 
  5. Children did not bathe daily in winter. 
  6. Shakespeare is admittedly  a great poet and dramatist. 
  7. It is never so late that it cannot be mended. 
  8. His activities have brought disgrace to  the name of his family. 
  9. His brother enjoys  popularity among his friends. 
  10. The culprit has made confession of  his guilt. 

 

 
 
EXERCISE 5 :
Change the following sentences as directed without changing  their sense:
 

  1.  She turned down our proposal politely.  
    ( Use adjective of ‘politely’)
  2. Too much eating has told upon his health.
    (remove ‘too’ )
  3. The old man did not intend to do any harm to the family.
    (Use adverb of ‘intend’)
  4. People of India can move freely throughout the country.
    (Use noun of ‘freely’)
  5. All the members of his family had a narrow escape in the accident.
    (Use verb of ‘escape’ &  adverb of ‘narrow’)
  6. Despite his hard work he could not be successful in the examination.
    ( Use adverb of ‘successful’ )
  7. His  parents wanted to admit the child in a play-way school.
    (Use noun of ‘admit’)
  8. The chairman raised his point of view in the meeting with emphasis.
    (Use adverb of ’emphasis’)
  9. Too much rain in winter causes damage to wheat crops.
    (Remove ‘too’)
  10. The Reserve Bank of India has imposed restrictions on withdrawal of money from bank accounts.
    (Use verb of ‘restrictions’)

 

Answers for Exercise 5
  1.  She turned down our proposal in a polite manner.
  2. Over eating has told upon his health.
  3. The old man did not  do intentionally any harm to the family.
  4. People of India have freedom to move  throughout the country.
  5. All the members of his family escaped narrowly in the accident.
  6. Despite his hard work he could not fare successfully in the examination. 
  7. His  parents wanted admission of  the child in a play-way school. 
  8. The chairman raised his point of view in the meeting emphatically.
  9. Excessive rain in winter causes damage to wheat crops.
  10. The Reserve Bank of India has restricted withdrawal of money from bank accounts.

 

 
 

 

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