Conversion or transformation of a sentence implies changing grammatical form of a sentence from one to another without changing its meaning. It can be done in a number of ways.
One of the methods is to interchange degrees of adjective or adverb used in the sentence.
A sentences comprises mainly of following parts : Noun, Pronoun, Verb,Adverb & Adjective.
An adjective has three degrees of comparison– Positive Degree, Comparative Degree and Superlative Degree.
- Positive Degree — Adjective is used in its simple form giving traits of noun or pronoun e.g. She is beautiful.
- Comparative Degree – Adjective is described in higher degree than that in Positive degree. It gives a comparative account of the adjective. e.g. She is more beautiful than her sister.
- Superlative Degree : In this case adjective is used in the highest degree. It describes the adjective in its highest degree. She is the most beautiful girl.
Like adjective, adverb is also used in three forms of degree e.g.
- Positive : She sings very well.
- Comparative : She sings better than her sister.
- Superlative : She sings the best.
The aforesaid three degrees can be interchanged with each other without changing the meaning.
In case of Positive degree first form, in case of Comparative degree second form and in case of Superlative degree third form is used. e.g. Good– Better– Best.
While changing a Simple degree Affirmative case to Comparative and Superlative degree it will change to Negative. If Comparative degree is in affirmative it will change in Positive degree to Negative form e.g.:
He is taller than his brother …………(Comparative Degree)
His brother is not as tall as he. ……….(Simple Degree)
Noun or Pronoun of Comparative degree sentence used after ‘than’ will be used in the beginning of the sentence with Positive Degree.The noun or Pronoun used before ‘than’ in Comparative sentence will be used after ‘as’ at the end of the Positive degree sentence. e.g.
His brother is as tall as he.
He is not taller than his brother.
Structure of Positive Degree sentence = Subject + Verb + as + Adjective + as + Noun.
Structure of Comparative Degree sentence =
Subject (Noun of Predicate of Positive degree sentence) + Verb + not +Comparative Degree Adjective+ than + Subject of Positive Degree sentence.
- He is as tall as his brother. …………….His brother is taller than he.
- He is taller than his brother. …………His bother is not as tall as he.
- He is as able as his brother. ………..His brother is not abler than he.
- He works as well as his brother. ………His brother does not work better than he.
To change a sentence with Superlative degree to comparative degree =
Subject + Verb + Adjective in comparative degree + than + any other + remaining part of the sentence as it is.
To change to Positive degree
No other + Remaining sentence after Superlative degree + Verb +as +Positive Degree +as Subject.
Superlative : He is the ablest boy in the class.
Comparative : No other boy in the class is abler than his brother.
Positive : No other boy in the class is as able he.
If in the sentence words ‘ one of the best’ are used, while changing to comparative degree following method is used:
Subject + Verb + Adjective in comparative degree + than + most other + remaining part of the sentence as it is.
To change to Positive degree
Very few + Remaining sentence after Superlative degree + Verb +as +Positive Degree +as Subject.
Superlative : He is one of the ablest boys in the school.
Comparative : He is abler than most other boys of the school.
Positive : Very few boys of the school are as able as he.