Conversion or transformation of a sentence implies changing grammatical form of a sentence from one to another without changing its meaning. It can be done in a number of ways as follows.
Sentences are mainly of following types :
Sentences of one type are changed to another type keeping the meaning of the sentence intact. For this rules used for narration purpose are observed.
- Conversion of Exclamatory sentences into Assertive Sentences & Vice versa.
Exclamatory sentences are the sentences which describe the feelings of happiness, sorrow, surprise, a strong desire or a strong wish. These end with a sign !. These sentences are mainly of following types :
First type of exclamatory sentences start with the words “How or What”.
While changing these sentences into assertive form these words are replaced by the words ‘very’ and ‘great’. Very is added before adjective and great before a noun in the sentence. For example :
How cold it is today ! ………….. It is very cold today.
How fine weather it is today! ……. It is very fine weather today.
What a fool I am ! …………… I am a great fool.
What a change in his attitude! ….. There is a great change in his attitude.
What a piece of work is man! ……….Man is a wonderful piece of work.
Second type of exclamatory sentences start with the words Hurrah, Alas and Bravo.
These words are replaced by the words :
It is a matter of happiness (or joy) that or
It is sad that (It is a matter of grief that) respectively.
For example :
Hurrah ! we have won the match.
It is a matter of happiness that we have won the match.
Hurrah ! tomorrow is a holiday !
It is a matter of joy that tomorrow is a holiday.
Alas! I have lost the contest.
It is sad that I have lost the contest.
Alas! I could not qualify the competition.
It is sad that I could not qualify the competition.
Bravo! we have won the match.
It is a matter of joy that we won the match.
Third of type of exclamatory sentences start with the words O, Oh,if, Could or Would that, If only.
These sentences are changed into assertive sentences by adding the words ‘wished’ or ‘earnestly desired’. For example :
O, that I could fly in the sky!
I wish that I could fly in the sky.
Oh, that we were in a new mansion!
We wish that we were in a new mansion.
Would that I were a millionaire!
I wish that I were a millionaire.
If only I were a king!
I wish that I were a king.
Could it possible for me to convince him!
I wish that it could be possible for me to convince him.
Similarly assertive sentences can be converted into exclamatory sentences by reversing the process.
For example :
He is very strong.
How strong he is !
It is joyful that I won a lottery.
Hurrah! I won a lottery.
I wished that I could be successful.
O, that I could be successful !
He is a very noble man.
What a noble man he is !
The young lady is very pious.
How pious the young lady is!
2. Conversion of Assertive and Interrogative sentences from one to another form & Vice versa.
An Assertive sentence provides a positive or affirmative information, a negative sentence has a negative information whereas an interrogative sentence inquires about a subject. These are general terms however these sentences can be interchanged with each other. These are changed as under:
Interchange of interrogative and assertive sentences :
When an interrogative sentence is in negative, it is changed into a positive assertive sentence as :
Who does not want to live in peace?
Everybody wants to live in a peace.
If the interrogative sentence is positive, it is changed into a negative sentence as :
Who can afford to spend such a huge amount?
None can afford to spend such a huge amount.
Who would befriend such a clever man?
No one would befriend such a clever man.
If the interrogative sentence starts with the following words, it is changed with the word given in parentheses with the each of these words.
–Who ( Nobody or None),
–Who does not (Everybody or Everyone),
–Why (It is of no use or It is useless),
–Of what use (Of no use),
–What if ( It does not matter) and
–How (A negative verb)
For Example :
Who would not like to progress in life ?
Everyone would like to progress in life.
Of what use are these riches for her?
These riches are of no use for her.
Who would pocket such an insult?
Nobody would like to pocket such an insult.
When will he learn manners?
He will never learn manners.
Why to beat about the bush?
It is of no use to beat about the bush.
What if one opportunity is lost?
It does not matter if one opportunity is lost.
How can he manage affairs single-handedly?
He cannot mange affairs single-handedly.
If the interrogative sentence starts with a helping verb and is a negative sentence, in assertive sentence ‘not’ is not used and if there is no ‘not’ in interrogative sentence, ‘not’ is used in assertive sentences. For example:
Does this action look nice for a person like him ?
This action does not look nice for a person like him.
Shall I ever forget favours done to me by you ?
I shall never forget favours done to me by you.
Are not sweet the uses of adversity ?
Sweet are the uses of adversity.
Is it not likely to rain today ?
It is likely to rain today.
Are they not sure to lose the match?
They are sure to lose the match.
Similarly the Assertive sentences can be transformed into Interrogative sentences by reversing the process. For example :
We should respect our betters.
Should not we respect our betters?
Everyone will like to praise him.
Who would not like to praise him ?
None would dare challenge him.
Who would dare challenge him ?
It is a great pleasure to see an old friend.
Is it not a great pleasure to see an old friend?
Could anybody solve these sums ?
Nobody could solve these sums.
Please note that in no case tense of a sentence is to be changed.Tense of the sentence will remain the same.
3. Conversion of Affirmative Sentences into Negative sentences & Vice versa.
An Affirmative sentence provides a positive information about something happening whereas a negative sentence gives a negative information about the same. These are just general terms. However these sentences can be interchanged with each other. These are changed as under:
Change of affirmative sentences into negative sentences :
- By using a negative and an antonyms of the word (adjective or adverb). For example.
This can be expected from a fool only.
This cannot be expected from a wise.
This is the work of a brave person.
This is not the work of a timid person.
He is aware of the faults of his son.
He is not blind to the faults of his son.
His remarks displeased his boss.
His remarks did not please his boss.
- By removing adverb ‘too’. For example :
He is too weak to move about.
He is so weak that he cannot move about.
This lesson is too difficult for me understand.
This lesson is so difficult that I cannot understand.
This tree is too high for the child to climb up.
This tree is so high that the child cannot climb up.
- By using No sooner….. than. For example :
As soon as I reached home, it started raining.
No sooner did I reach home, it started raining.
As soon as she reached the office,the boss left.
No sooner did she reach the office the boss left.
- By using None…….but. For example :
Only his brother is at fault.
None but his brother is at fault.
Only deserving candidates could qualify.
None but deserving candidates could qualify.
- By removing Lest ……. should. For example :
Work hard lest you should fail.
Work hard so that you may not fail.
Walk fast lest you should be late.
Walk fast so that you may not be late.
- By using degree of comparison. For example :
He is richer than his brother.
His brother is not as rich as he.
This city is the costliest city.
No other city is costlier than this city.
Her sister is cleverer than her.
She is not as clever as her sister is.
- By using double negatives in the sentence. For example :
He is sure of his success.
He has no doubt of his success.
He achieved success in his mission.
He did not fail to achieve success in his mission.
- Sundry sentences using different methods. For example :
There is always scope for a man to make amends.
It is never too late for a man to make amends.
By dint of hard work one can achieve success.
There is no royal road to success.
Every person in the city knows him.
There is not a single person in the city who does not know him.
For changing Negative sentences into Affirmative sentences reverse of the method given above can be used.